… There are now many cultivated forms of Zinnia elegans, which are grown as bushy annual bedding plants in vivid shades of red, orange and deep pink. Good For : Borders of the streams, architectural garden, edges & margins of a pond, baskets, containers A real breakthrough in the world of Zinnias, Zinnia 'Profusion Red' is a stunning cross between Zinnia angustifolia and Zinnia elegans which combines the best traits of both species: disease resistance; drought, heat and humidity tolerance and easy maintenance (no deadheading). It has solitary flower heads about 2 inches (5 cm) across. These easy to grow plants produce beautiful, large mixed blooms that come in an array of colors, hues, shapes and sizes. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Zinnia is native to Mexico, South America and southwestern parts of USA. Valverde Badillo. This species is native to Mexico, and plants are fast-growing and long-blooming. Zinnia elegans, known as common zinnia, is an old garden favorite with may cultivars available. Zinnia elegans (syn. Press the flower seeds into the soil and lightly cover with peat moss or sand. Botanical results of the Sessé & Mociño expedition (1787-1803). Native Introduced Native and Introduced The genus Zinnia contains about 17 species of annual, perennial and low shrubs native to the southwestern U.S., Mexico, Central America and South America. Bumblebee (Bombus lucorum) on a Zinnia elegans, Botanic Garden of Munich, Germany, Berendsohn, W.G. All have semi-double to double, dahlia-like blooms or blooms of rolled petals. & A.E. The lanceolate leaves are opposite the flower heads. Many flower forms (single, semi-double and double) and colors (shades of red, yellow, orange, pink, rose, lavender, green and white) are available. They feature continuous summer to fall bloom in cool summer climates, but may slow down some at the peak of a typical St. Louis summer, particularly if attacked by fungal diseases. The Zinnia elegans Jacq. Proposal to conserve the name, "Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map", "Zinnia elegans : Zinnia – Atlas of Living Australia", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zinnia_elegans&oldid=982962320, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 12:29. It was formally described as Zinnia violacea by Cavanilles in 1791. Deadhead spent flowers to promote additional bloom and maintain plant appearance. Zinnias are good cut flowers. Zinnias are popular garden plants with hundreds of cultivars in many flower colours, sizes and forms. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. Mixed-colour seed selections are available. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Araniva de González. A real breakthrough in the world of Zinnias, the hybrid 'Profusion' Series is a stunning cross between Zinnia angustifolia and Zinnia Elegans which combines the best traits of both species: disease resistance; drought, heat and humidity tolerance and easy maintenance (no deadheading). Members of the genus are notable for their solitary long-stemmed flowers that come in a variety of bright colors. Zinnia elegans, known as common zinnia, is an old garden favorite with may cultivars available. Linné realised that it was not a Rudbeckia. There are "pom-pom" forms that resemble dahlias. For earlier spring bloom, start seed indoors 4-6 weeks before last frost date. The plant: Zinnias are annual summer herbaceous plants. Zinnia elegans 'Pinca' features large, fully double flowers, 5 in. across (12 cm), packed with rich rosy-pink petals that twist and curl gracefully. Zinnia is a genus of the family Asteraceae, containing about 20 species of annual and perennial plants, native primarily to North America, with a few species in South America. Zinnia elegans is an upright and sturdy, daisy-like annual that flowers profusely over a 2 month period in the summer. Blooms last all summer long and produce enough flowers for bouquets all summer long. There are giant forms with flower heads up to 6 in (15 cm) in diameter. The uncultivated form grows to a height of 75cm and has a solitary, daisy-type flower head. These beauties will last until the frost! Zinnias grow easily and prefer well-drained, loamy soil and full sun. They are typically seen in dry grasslands and scrublands. The uncultivated plant grows to about 30 in (76 cm) in height. [10] The genus was named by Carl von Linné after the German botanist Johann Gottfried Zinn, who described the species now known as Zinnia peruviana in 1757 as Rudbeckia foliis oppositis hirsutis ovato-acutis, calyce imbricatus, radii petalis pistillatis. Sizes range from small-flowered dwarfs (to 6” tall) to large-flowered giants (to 4’ tall). La Flora de Jauneche: Los Ríos, Ecuador 1–512. Memoirs of The New York Botanical Garden 85: i–ix, 1–246, Kirkbride, J. H. & J. H. Wiersma. Zinnia is herbaceous plant that belongs to the aster family. See more ideas about Zinnia elegans, Zinnias, Plants. Zinnia elegans (syn. There are now many cultivated forms of Zinnia elegans, which are grown as bushy annual bedding plants in vivid shades of red, orange and deep pink. Additional information; Additional Information. Zinnia, (genus Zinnia), any of about 22 species of herbs and shrubs constituting the genus Zinnia of the family Asteraceae (Compositae) and native primarily to North America. Flower colours range from white and cream to pinks, reds, and purples, to green, yellow, apricot, orange, salmon, and bronze. The species was first collected in 1789 at Tixtla, Guerrero, by Sessé and Mociño. Atha. Zinnias are native to Mexico but they have long been a favorite in annual gardens across the US and elsewhere. They come in a many varieties including single3, semi-double and double flowered and make very good cut flowers. Jacquin described it again in 1792 as Zinnia elegans, which was the name that Sessé and Moçiño had used in their manuscript of Plantae Novae Hispaniae, which was not published until 1890. Some are striped, speckled or bicoloured. Sow seed directly in the ground after last frost date and, if desired, at 2-3 week intervals thereafter until the end of June to insure a good season-long bloom. Excellent fresh cut flower.Genus name honors Johann Gottfried Zinn (1727-1759), professor of botany, Gottingen.Specific epithet means elegant. It was developed by Bodger Seed in the 1960’s. Set out seedlings and purchased plants after last frost date. Mixed Colors. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Zinnia is a genus of plants of the sunflower tribe within the daisy family. The genus name honors German master botanist Johann Gottfried Zinn (1727–59). Sizes range from dwarf varieties of less than 6 inches (15 cm) in height to 3 feet (90 cm) tall. Flora of Korea. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Zinnia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ©G.A. An American Lady butterfly visiting Zinnia About Zinnias. The purple ray florets surround black and yellow discs. Wild Zinnia (Zinnia grandiflora) By Steve Olson. Bloom Description: Red, yellow, orange, pink, rose, lavender, green and white, Attracts: Birds, Hummingbirds, Butterflies. Your Zinnia Native stock images are ready. Scientific Name: Zinnia elegans. They are bushy, leafy annuals that typically grow 1-3’ (less frequently to 4’) tall on upright, hairy, branching stems. 1985. It thrives in areas with hot climate, usually in scrublands and dry grasslands. Resembling cactus dahlias, they are borne on very long, sturdy stems and make a big statement in the landscape. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. Advertisement. (1785) Proposal to conserve the name Zinnia elegans against Z. violacea (Compositae). Zinnia is an erect plant with a single flower on each stem. Zinnia grows on fertile, well-drained soil, exposed to direct sunlight. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Zinnia elegans is an annual flowering plant native to Mexico. 1989. The garden zinnia was bred via hybridisation from the wild form. The uncultivated form grows to a height of 75cm and has a solitary, daisy-type flower head. Taxon 56:958-959. Zinnia violacea) known as youth-and-age, common zinnia or elegant zinnia, an annual flowering plant of the genus Zinnia, is one of the best known zinnias. Easily grown in humusy, evenly moist, well-drained soils in full sun. Gift Zinnia Certified Organic Seed Zinnia elegans These striking red blooms make perfect presents. Ovate to lance-shaped, opposite leaves (to 5” long) clasp the stems. Note: = Zinnia violacea Cav. Oct 22, 2014 - Zinnia Elegans . They are bushy, leafy annuals that typically grow 1-3’ (less frequently to 4’) tall on upright, hairy, branching stems. There are 20 species and more than 100 cultivars of zinnia, that differ in size, color and growing habits. Pinch young plants to promote compact, bushy form. They are perennial where they are native—from the southern United States to Chile, being especially … It is native to Mexico but grown as an ornamental in many places and naturalised in several places including scattered locations in South and Central America, the West Indies, the United States, Australia, and Italy. Some varieties are widely available in cell/six packs from nurseries (small plants that have not yet flowered are best). Zinnia violacea) known as youth-and-age,[3] common zinnia or elegant zinnia, an annual flowering plant of the genus Zinnia, is one of the best known zinnias. Cultivars of several species are commonly grown for their colorful daisy-like flowers over a long summer to fall bloom period. Genus name honors Johann Gottfried Zinn (1727-1759), professor of botany, Gottingen. They are bushy, leafy annuals that typically grow 1-3’ (less frequently to 4’) tall on upright, hairy, branching stems. The Plants Database includes the following 7 species of Zinnia . They are easy to grow, tough and resilient. So easy to grow, you can plant the seeds in the fall or early spring. The Magellan Series stay close to knee high at 14 inches, while the Thumbelina Series of dwarf zinnias peak at 6 to 8 inches. Color(s) Green. Zinnia elegans is grown primarily for cut flowers and can grow up to four feet tall and have single or double flowers in the colors of salmon, gold, yellow, white, red, rose, cherry, pink, lavender, purple, orange, and light green. Listado básico de la Flora Salvadorensis: Dicotyledonae, Sympetalae (pro parte): Labiatae, Bignoniaceae, Acanthaceae, Pedaliaceae, Martyniaceae, Gesneriaceae, Compositae. (1792) is a much variable annual herbaceous plant, erect, ramified, 0,15-1,2 m tall, with wrinkled stems due to a rigid down; it has opposite, sessile leaves, amplexicaul (which, at the base, is clasping the stem), ovate to lanceolate and of rather pale green colour, 2-10 cm long and 1-2 cm broad, rough to the touch. While the tall versions of Zinnia elegans remain the classic choice for the back of the border, shorter series now challenge the low ground once ceded to marigolds and petunias. 2000. (2007). Flora Novo-Galiciana. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. Native habitat: Plants from the Zinnia genus are native to South America, Mexico and southern parts of the United States. Zinnia elegans: the basic, heirloom, wildflower variety of Zinnias, also known as Common Zinnia. It can be easily grown from seed (under glass in early spring) and will flower within 6 weeks of planting out. Planting Zinnia Seed; In early spring, sow Zinnia seeds indoors using starter trays or small pots. Banco Central del Ecuador, Quito, Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. This Zinnia mixture grows to be about 3’ tall and blooms a rainbow of colors. Zinnia Elegans, known as common zinnia, is an old garden favorite with many cultivars available. Or, after frost season has ended, directly sow Zinnia elegans seeds outdoors in a prepared seedbed with loosened, weed free soil. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . Problems. Seed Type: Annual. They are native to scrub and dry grassland in an area stretching from the Southwestern United States to South America, with a centre of diversity in Mexico. Some may be grown indoors. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Native to Mexico, Zinnia elegans has 1/2-inch to 6-inch flowers and grows best in a sunny environment with plenty of air circulation. Mixed borders, beds, cottage gardens, cutting gardens and containers. Zinnia elegans is an annual flowering plant native to Mexico. They are the most commonly grown types of zinnias. Zinnia elegans ‘Pumila Mix’: Also known as Cut-and-Come-Again Zinnia. Other cultivars include 'Magellan', 'Envy Double', 'Fireworks', 'Purple Prince', 'Blue Point Purple', 'Profusion Cherry', 'Profusion Orange', 'Star Gold', 'Star Orange', and several white-flowered types such as 'Crystal White', 'Purity', and 'Profusion White'. They grow best in dry, warm, frost-free regions, and many kinds are drought-tolerant. Wild zinnia, also called prairie zinnia or Rocky Mountain zinnia, is a mounded perennial that grows 4-8 inches high and slowly spreads by rhizomes to become a groundcover. It boasts single, vibrant true red flowers, 2.5 in. Plant disease-resistant varieties in hot and humid summer climates such as the St. Louis area. McVaugh, R. 2000. Mixed Colors. Good air circulation helps prevent onset of fungal leaf diseases. Hortus third. Papery yellow flowers cover the plants from mid-summer until frost. Susceptible to powdery mildew, leaf spots, root rots, blight and Botrytis. In its native Mexico, the original zinnia was considered an unattractive weed called "mal de ojos." Cooper. The powdery mildew common to zinnias in humid climates is less common in recently developed varieties, which are resistant. It is native to Mexico but grown as an ornamental in many places and naturalised in several places including scattered locations in South and Central America, the West Indies, the United States, Australia, and Italy.[4][5][6][7][8][9]. Advertisement. 1976. These flowers can be solid or multicolored and range in size from one to seven inches in diameter. Annual. In addition, they are excellent for pollinator plantings and are especially attractive to butterflies. Cuscatlania 1(3): 290–1–290–13, Dodson, C.H., A.H. Gentry & F.M. Watch for Japanese beetles. The most popular species is “Zinnia elegans”, originated in Mexico. : 290–1–290–13, Dodson, C.H., A.H. Gentry & F.M Johann Gottfried (... 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