She was armed with a main battery of ten 340 mm (13 in) guns and had a top speed of 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph). The House of Habsburg-Este (Italian: Casa d'Asburgo-Este; German: Haus Österreich-Este), holders of the title of Archduke of Austria-Este (Italian: Arciduca d'Austria-Este; German: Erzherzog von Österreich-Este), is a cadet branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and also descends from the House of Este. Louis-Frédéric Schützenberger's The Exodus (1872), depicting Alsatians leaving newly annexed Alsace for France. "[7] The Saverne Affair (usually known in English-language accounts as the Zabern Affair), in which abusive and oppressive behaviour by the military towards the population of the town of Saverne led to protests not just in Alsace but in other regions, put a severe strain on the relationship between the people of Alsace-Lorraine and the rest of the German Empire. Summary [] Harry Lorraine (* 1886, † 22 Augustus 1934) was 'n Amerikaanse akteur, regisseur, en vervaardiger. The Alsatian part lay in the Rhine Valley on the west bank of the Rhine River and east of the Vosges Mountains. She was then sent to Cherbourg in December. or. Then he made a break for Glane River. Karl Ullrich (1 December 1910 – 8 May 1996) was a high-ranking member of the Waffen-SS during World War II, who was the last commander of the SS Division Wiking and a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The German military feared French partisans – or francs-tireurs, as they had been called during the Franco-Prussian War – would reappear. Upon occupying certain villages, veterans of the 1870 conflict were sought out and arrested by the French army.[9]. People (family name) Albert Dietrich (1829–1908), German composer and conductor Albert Gottfried Dietrich (1795–1856), German botanist Amalie Dietrich (1821–1891), German… [3] The ship was also armed with four submerged 450 mm (17.7 in) torpedo tubes. Thank you all sooo much!Contact me if you'd like the vessel, and I'll see if I can pass her out! She was powered by four Parsons steam turbines with twenty-four Guyot du Temple water-tube boilers. Natzweiler-Struthof was a Nazi concentration camp located in the Vosges Mountains close to the villages of Natzweiler and Struthof in the Gau Baden-Alsace of Germany, on territory annexed from France on a de facto basis in 1940. The bombardment lasted until 21 August. For historical reasons specific legal dispositions are still applied in the territory in the form of a "local law". [13], Following the French surrender, the French commander, Vice Admiral Godfroy, concluded an agreement with Admiral Andrew Cunningham to demilitarize and intern the French ships in Alexandria; this included Lorraine, four cruisers, and three destroyers. The aircraft were initially Gourdou-Leseurre GL819 and Potez 452 seaplanes, though they were later replaced with Loire 130 flying boats. Lorraine was the only French capital ship in the eastern Mediterranean, though she was joined by four British battleships and an aircraft carrier. The border between 1871 and 1918 is shown in yellow. Most of those who survived the war were interned in Tambov in Russia in 1945. The best-known variant is quiche Lorraine, which includes lardons or bacon. The liner was scrapped in Dunkirk in October 1923. Its capital was Strasbourg. Although it was effectively led by Prussia, the new German Empire was a decentralized federal state. Sign Up. In 2012, the population was 2,356,600. [citation needed]. Lorraine's name stems from the medieval kingdom of Lotharingia, which in turn was named for either Emperor Lothair I or King Lothair II. 4. udgave, Aschehoug (2006), ISBN 978-87-11-11843-6; Danske soldater i kamp på Østfronten 1941-1945 - Oluf Krabbe. Alsace (/ æ l ˈ s æ s /, also US: / æ l ˈ s eɪ s, ˈ æ l s æ s /; Low Alemannic German/Alsatian: 's Elsàss; German: Elsass (); Latin: Alsatia; French: ()) is a cultural and historical region in Eastern France, on the west bank of the upper Rhine next to Germany and Switzerland.In 2017, it had a population of 1,889,589. A woman at the market, who probably was unaware that ", One of the famous case was the desertion from all the Alsatian soldiers from their German battalion on the eve of the Verdun offensive to warn the French army from the imminent attack. [citation needed] German troops occupied some homes. I: 1911–1914, Bloomsbury Academic, 2015, p. is a German given and a family name, the German form of Theodoric. [16][17] German-language Alsatian newspapers were also suppressed and all place names were francizised (e.g., Straßburg → Strasbourg, Mülhausen → Mulhouse, Schlettstadt → Sélestat, etc.). Русский 1 691 000+ статей. There was accommodation for 446 first-class, 116 second-class, and 552 third-class passengers [Ship Descriptions, theshipslist.com citing N.R.P.Bonsor, North Atlantic Seaway, vol. A third refit followed on 17 September 1929 and lasted until 6 June 1931. When Alsace and the Lorraine department became part of Germany, the French laws regarding religious bodies were preserved, with special privileges to the then recognised religions of Calvinism, Judaism, Lutheranism and Roman Catholicism, under a system known as the Concordat. As recently as the 1866 Austro-Prussian War, these states had been Prussia's enemies. [note 3] Some ethnic Germans in the region cooperated in the persecution as a way to demonstrate German patriotism. After joining the Free French Naval Forces in December 1942, Lorraine was refitted for active service. [12] But in order to spare them possible confrontations with relatives in France but also to avoid any desertion from the Alsatian soldiers to the French army,[note 5][13] German Army draftees from Alsace-Lorraine were sent mainly to the Eastern front, or the Navy (Kaiserliche Marine). Sometimes they were known as the malgré-nous, which could be translated into English as "against our will". Date: 6 September 1942: Source: This is photograph E 16519 from the collections of the Imperial War Museums. Romance dialects (belonging to the langues d'oïl like French): Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}48°40′N 7°00′E / 48.67°N 7°E / 48.67; 7, Territory created by the German Empire in 1871, An instruction dated 1920-08-14 from the assistant Secretary of State of the Presidency of the Council to the General Commissioner of the Republic in Strasbourg reminds that the term, The linguistic border ran on the north of the new border, including in the "Alemannic" territories, As of on October 26, 1914, we can read in Spindler's journal: "Then he recommends to me not to speak French. [9], Lorraine was modernized a second time between 15 November 1924 and 4 August 1926. It was divided in three districts (Bezirke in German): The largest urban areas in Alsace-Lorraine at the 1910 census were: The modern history of Alsace-Lorraine was largely influenced by the rivalry between French and German nationalism. German authorities became increasingly worried about renewed French nationalism. Lorraine Kelly presents a topical mix of entertainment, discussion and celebrity gossip. Twenty-one other members of Diekmann's company (including fourteen Frenchmen from Alsace-Lorraine who had been conscripted into the SS) were sentenced to death but later their sentences were commuted to terms of imprisonment. In 1886 she set a new record for the fastest Atlantic crossing by a postal steamer The transfer was controversial even among the Germans: The German Chancellor, Otto von Bismarck, was initially opposed to it, as he thought (correctly) it would engender permanent French enmity toward Germany. 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