[73] The dispassionate account of Hinduism given by Al-Biruni was remarkable for its time. He was the first scientist who established the fact that the speed of light is far greater than the speed of sound. Al-Biruni became aware of every walk of Indian life. He was a colleague of the fellow philosopher and physician Abū Alī ibn Sīnā (Avicenna), the historian, philosopher and ethicist Ibn Miskawayh, in a university and science center established by prince Abu al-Abbas Ma’mun Khawarazmshah. It is assumed that he was supported to do some scientific work even though he suffered great hardships. Al-Biruni is known as Biruni (Persian: بیرونی‎) in Persian and as Al-Biruni (Arabic: البيروني‎) in Arabic. He said that proof and reason is the soul of any rational research. Al-Beruni wrote a two hundred books and made a few instruments for astronomy. Besides, he was a keen traveler, therefore, he visited India and worked on its languages, religion, and people. selfstudyhistory.com. He is referred to as the founder of Indology for his remarkable description of early 11th-century India. Due to his intelligence, Al-Biruni not only remained closed to the rulers but he even helped settle disputes between tribes and also worked for them on scientific and religious matters. Contributions. This way he laid the foundation of knowing planetary distances. At yovisto you can learn more about ‘An Even Shorter History of Nearly Everything’ in a lecture by Bill Bryson at Gresham College. contains work on the Arabic nomenclature of shade and shadows. The most important contribution of Al-Beruni to physical geography was his concept of seas, and particularly his theory about the sea route between the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic, south of the mountain of the moon, the traditional source of the Nile in Africa, a concept which was later adopted by European adventurers and travellers who desired to find a route between India and Europe. Discoveries and Contributions. He has made immense contribution to the world of science, geography, astronomy, physics and many other fields. As he traveled to Central and South Asia, he studied people, their customs and cultures. Nov 26, 2013 - Explore muddassir ali's board "al biruni" on Pinterest. the development of the caste system. But now-a-days,only few are available. Al-Biruni was one of those prodigious minds at work in the medieval world whose creative, versatile, scientific, and international outlook, coupled with universality of thought, amaze the modern world. An article on the valuable contribution of the social scientist Al-Beruni in the field of Indology Addeddate 2018-07-08 16:06:10 Identifier AlBiruniThePioneerIndologist Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t4dp14f0c Ocr ABBYY FineReader 11.0 (Extended OCR) Ppi 600 He came in contact with Ibn Sina (Avicenna) and exchanged views with him on various subjects. Al-Biruni was a versatile scholar and scientist who had equal facility in physics, metaphysics, mathematics, geography and history. His book ‘Tahquiq-e-Hind’ is a very valuable source of information of economic, political, religious and social conditions prevailing in contemporary India. 1050), a Moslem astronomer, mathematician, geographer, and historian, was the most acute interpreter of India to Islam in the Middle Ages. Mohammad Israuddin, al-Biruni’s contributions to Geography, in al-Biruni Commemorative Volume (1979), Karachi: The Times Press. Because of his intelligence, rulers of his time would keep him in their company. Most people would say Galileo, Ptolemy, or some scientist from the Renaissance. In 1018, he was probably in Kabul for some time and even though he had no access to any accurate instruments, the scientist managed to observe an eclipse of the sun. Al-Beruni was an outstanding astronomer, mathematician, physicist, Physician, geographer, geologist and historian. Abu Rehan Al-Beruni is ranked among the greatest Muslim scientists. Most of what is known of Avicenna is found in the autobiography dictated to his longtime protégé al-Jūzjānī. Al-Biruni was born near Kath in Khwarizm (now a part of Uzbekistan) on Sept. 4, 973. By the age of 22 in the year 995, he left his homeland and went to Bukhara. There was a large institute i… A.C. Sparavigna - The Science of al-Biruni – Dec 2013 3 Figure 1 - Al-Biruni’s method to measure the radius of the Earth, from Ref.13 As discussed in [12], al-Biruni considered the world, that is the universe, had come into existence in After serving for thirteen years, Mahmud Ghaznavi sent him to India in 1030 AD. Al-Beruni was a rational scientist, he believed in objectivity, experimentation and proof. Al-Beruni might have written about one hundred books. He like Bu Ali Sina was very learned man. He earned fame due to his research on India and wrote notes on its culture and people. He is regarded as one of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era and was well versed in physics, mathematics, astronomy, and natural sciences, and also distinguished himself as a historian, chronologist and linguist. At the age of forty-four in 1017 AD, Al-Biruni joined the court of Mahmud Ghaznavi, where he was appointed as an advisor on the study of planetary bodies. He stayed there for around three years for getting education. Due to his such contribution, he was given the title of ‘the Founder of Indology’. ), Muslim astronomer, mathematician, ethnographist, anthropologist, historian, and geographer. Al-Bīrūnī lived during a period of unusual political turmoil in the eastern Islamic world. In addition to this type of influence, Al-Biruni … Nov 26, 2013 - Explore muddassir ali's board "al biruni" on Pinterest. This made him a strong promoter of this science in the Islamic world. “You well know … for which reason I began searching for a number of demonstrations proving a statement due to the ancient Greeks … and which passion I felt for the subject … so that you reproached me my preoccupation with these chapters of geometry, not knowing the true essence of these subjects, which consists precisely in going in each matter beyond what is necessary. Important contributions to geodesy and geography were also made by al-Biruni. Al-Biruni and his Contributions to Astronomy – اُس کسبِ فیض سے کیا حاصل، جو شمع ہدایت بن نہ سکے ھے رشک کے قابل زیست وہی، جو زیست بھی ہو پیغام بھی ہو! You are giving permission to use our cookies by using this site. Abu Rayhan al-Biruni was born in Khwarazm now better known as Karakalpakstan. Albiruni’s India: Part I. Alberuni (c. 972-1048) was a Persian scholar from the Khwarezm region and spent a large part of his life in Ghazni in modern-day Afghanistan, capital of the Ghaznavid dynasty. He established the rule which stated that the specific density of … He corresponded with the age's greatest scientist, Avicenna, and made significant contributions to many fields of knowledge.In 1017 al-Biruni became a … Literary Work & Contributions of Al-Beruni. Required fields are marked *, The SciHi Blog is made with enthusiasm by, Al-Biruni – Mathematician, Astronomer and Founder of Indology. During his travels in India, he not only taught Greek science, but in exchange he became acquainted with Indian science. Persian scholar and scientist. While his life was embellished by friends and vilified by foes, by all accounts he loved life and had a voracious appetite for lively music, strong drink, and promiscuous sex. He invented a device through which he successfully determined the specific. He was the first prominent Muslim Indologist was one of the greatest intellectuals of the eleventh century. Al-Biruni lies to the south of the crater Joliot, and to the northeast of Goddard.It is named after the great Ghaznavid Scientist Al-Biruni. Due to these contributions he is known as the best Muslim scientists and sometimes as one of the great scientific minds in all history. He has been considered as one of the greatest scientists of Islam, and one of the greatest of all times. Al Beruni, though travelled with Mahmud, but his successor Masud was his real patron. A universal genius that lived in the Central Asia a thousand of years ago, al-Biruni “was so far ahead of his time that his most brilliant discoveries seemed incomprehensible to most of the scholars of his days”, so wrote Bobojan Gafurov in his … He was free from dogmatic conservatism as well as emotional bondages. wonderful contributions in most of the above mentioned fields, Abu Rehan Mohammad bin Ahmed Al-Beruni has been given the title of 'al-Ustadh'. He was born in Khwarazm, then part of the Samanid Empire (modern Khiva, Uzbekistan). Al Beruni was the first scientist who had calculated and given the correct values of latitudes and longitudes of earth at various places. He was the first Islamic scholar to study Brahmanic science and reported extensively on it in the Kitab al-Hind. Avicenna’s most important contribution to medical science was his famous book Al Qanun Fi Al-Tibb (The Canon of Medicine), known as the “Canon” in the West. He introduced techniques to measure the earth and distances on it using triangulation. 6 km, a value not obtained in the West until the 16 th century ( see [ 50 ] ) . Different forts and landmarks were able to be located, legitimizing Al-Biruni's contributions with their usefulness to even modern history and archeology. He corresponded with the age's greatest scientist, Avicenna, and made significant contributions to many fields of knowledge.In 1017 al-Biruni became a … Abu Rayhan al-Biruni was one of the finest scholars the world has ever produced. ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI (973--1048 C.E.) He used it to determine the density (the specific weight) of different materials. Muhammad Ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi, nicknamed as Al-Khwarizmi, belongs to a Persian family from Khorasan – now located in Uzbekistan. He also travelled to South Asia or Central Asia (modern day Afghanistan) with Mahmud of Ghazni (whose son a… This way he laid the foundation of knowing planetary distances. It is a matter of great regret what we know next to nothing about the childhood of Al-Beruni. We have no information about his parents beyond the fact that his father's name was Ahmad. Royalty and powerful members of society sought out Al-Biruni to conduct research and study to uncover certain findings. He wrote a book on Indian history and culture known as “The History of India”. With Mahmud’s death, his son Mas’ud turned out to treat al-Biruni better and he was now free to travel and to his research as he pleased to. The real answer is Abu Raihan Mohammed Ibn Ahmad Al-Biruni. He studied mathematics and astronomy under Abu Nasr Mansur. Hogendijk, Jan: The works of al-Bīrūnī – manuscripts, critical editions, translations and online links, Works by or about Al-Biruni at Wikisource. Your email address will not be published. Al-Beruni was born in the reign of Ahmad bin Muhammad, the grandson of Iraq. Unfortunately for al-Biruni, the political events took its toll once more. Clear is however, that the astronomer al-Khujandi discussed his observations and methods with al-Biruni, who managed to point out several of al-Khujandi’s errors. Which historical development most directly supports al-Beruni's interpretation of earlier Indian culture? 2001. Another book is “Kitab-ul-hind”. On September 4, 973, Muslim scholar Al-Biruni was born. On September 4, 973, Muslim scholar Al-Biruni was born. This city was then the center of knowledge in the world. Article is about the anthropologist and the contribution of muslim scholar. When Al Beruni wrote, Islam was on the ascendant in world affairs. Some historians have called the period of his activity as "The Age of Al-Beruni." Moreover, his contribution to botany is very valuable as he determined that flowers have petals in a series of 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 but 7 and 9 were not in anyone. The book turned out to be an important source for the history of mathematics, astronomy, and physics. He died in 1048 CE at the age of 75, after having spent 40 years in gathering knowledge and making his own contributions to it. Abū al-Rayhān Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Bīrūnī (born 4/5 September 973 in Kath, Khwarezm, died 13 December 1048 in Ghazni) known as Alberonius in Latin and Al-Biruni in English, was a Persian-Khwarezmian Muslim scholar and polymath from the Khwarezm region. Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King Mahmood Ghaznawi, who was one of the famous Muslim kings of the 11th century C.E. George Sarton, the founder of the History of Science discipline, defined al-Biruni as “one of the. A. universal genius that lived in the Central Asia a thousand of years ago, al-Biruni “was so far ahead. Then he wrote them and made the world aware of these arts-men. very greatest scientists of Islam, and, all considered, one of the greatest of all times” [1,2]. Al-Biruni was a versatile scholar and scientist who had equal facility in physics, metaphysics, mathematics, geography and history. He went back to his homeland probably around 1004 and its ruler Abu’s’l Abbas Ma’mun provided great support for al-Biruni’s scientific work. Abu Rayhan al-Biruni was one of the finest scholars the world has ever produced. … Whatever way he [the geometer] may go, through exercise will he be lifted from the physical to the divine teachings, which are little accessible because of the difficulty to understand their meaning … and because the circumstance that not everybody is able to have a conception of them, especially not the one who turns away from the art of demonstration.” He is referred to as the founder of Indology for his remarkable description of early 11th-century India. their feelings of equality with other people. Al-Biruni: A Master of Scholarship at Lost Islamic History, Euclid of Alexandria – the Father of Geometry, Avicenna – The Most Significant Polymath of the Islamic Golden Age. The contribution of Muslim scholars in science also is a vast area to discuss but this paper attempts to shed light on few sectors where Muslim scholars are still treated as the pioneer as follows: 5 IN MATHEMATICS It is surprising to take into memorandum that Islam so … He studied almost all fields of science and was compensated for his research and strenuous work. Al-Beruni was a rational scientist, he believed in objectivity, experimentation and proof. Abu Rehn Alberuni whose real name was Mohammad Bin Ahmad was a famous historian, mathematician, philosopher, poet and scholar of the court of … He also travelled to South Asia or Central Asia (modern day Afghanistan) with Mahmud of Ghazni (whose son a… Abu Rayhan al-Biruni (973-ca. His birth time is given as 5:05 am on September 4, A.D. 973 in what is now known as Khiva in modern day Uzbekistan. Born about five centuries before the Renaissance, he proved to be one of the best scientists of all times. Al-Biruni was well versed in physics, mathematics, astronomy, and natural sciences, and also distinguished himself as a historian, chronologist and linguist. The work also gives a decent overview of al-Biruni’s abilities and contributions to mathematics and astronomy, as he wrote about theoretical and practical arithmetic as well as the summation of series, combinatorial analysis, and much more. Al-Beruni in his Kitab-ul-Hmd opined that the stones became round because they had fallen along torrential mountain streams. He died in 1048 CE at the age of 75, after having spent 40 years in gathering knowledge and making his own contributions to it. He founded the way to measure the distance of the Earth’s surface. He was a colleague of the fellow philosopher and physician Abū Alī ibn Sīnā (Avicenna), the historian, philosopher and ethicist Ibn Miskawayh, in a university and science center established by prince Abu al-Abbas Ma'mun Khawarazmshah. Al-Beruni's contributions are so extensive that an index of his written works covers more than sixty pages. He is regarded as one of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era and was well versed in physics, mathematics, astronomy, and natural sciences, and also distinguished himself as a historian, chronologist and linguist. Contribution to Geomorphology: 1. His contributions to mathematics, geography, astronomy, and physics are most well known. ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI (973--1048 C.E.) Al-Biruni was born near Kath in Khwarizm (now a part of Uzbekistan) on Sept. 4, 973. Pingback: Al-Biruni and his Contributions to Astronomy – اُس کسبِ فیض سے کیا حاصل، جو شمع ہدایت بن نہ سکے ھے رشک کے قابل زیست وہی، جو زیست بھی ہو پیغام بھی ہو!!! Al-Biruni (Al-Beruni) is known for his works on multiple fields. This helped him to … Albiruni's India: Part I Alberuni (c. 972-1048) was a Persian scholar from the Khwarezm region and spent a large part of his life in Ghazni in modern-day Afghanistan, capital of the Ghaznavid dynasty. The Central Asian scholar Abu Raihan Muhammad Al Beruni (973-1048) was a many-sided genius in an Islamic age that produced others like him. The author is a resilient graduate in electrical engineering, and an aspiring professional in the said area. – Al Biruni, Book on the Finding of Chords. When Al-Beruni grew up, he became a great author and wrote a large number of books. [3] In 1023, using a new measuring method he invented, he determined the radius of the earth’s globe to be 6339.6 km, which is very close to the real value today at the equator of 6378.1 km. He said that proof and reason is the soul of any rational research. Al Beruni’s God is the creator of all things and all peoples. A famous Muslim scientist Avicenna (Ibn Sina) also lived in his time. The exact date of his birth is not clear, but it is normally considered to be 780. Other work which al-Biruni undertook as a young man was more theoretical. Mohammad Israuddin, al-Biruni’s contributions to Geography, in al-Biruni Commemorative Volume (1979), Karachi: The Times Press. He was born in Khwarazm, then part of the Samanid Empire (modern Khiva, Uzbekistan). Due to several civil wars, al-Biruni fled, but his exact destination is not clear to this day. Besides, he learned Sanskrit to understand their scriptures. Al-Biruni died at Gazni, in Afghanistan. His great contributions in so many diverse fields earned him the title "al-Ustadh," the Master or Professor par excellence. He studied mathematics and astronomy under Abu Nasr Mansur. He was the first prominent Muslim Indologist was one of the greatest intellectuals of the eleventh century. The information on Al-Biruni’s early life is rare. By 995, al-Biruni had written several short works including his Cartography, a work on map projections. His teacher in astronomy and mathematics was the eminent Abu Nasr Mansur, a member of the family then ruling at Kath. “Al-Biruni (973–1048).” Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. He founded the way to … He studied mathematics and astronomy under Abu Nasr Mansur. There is very little information about his early life, but it is clear that he was one of the brilliant students in Baghdad, Iraq. See more ideas about Al biruni, Astronomy, History. He was the first scientist who established the fact that the speed of light is far greater than the speed of sound. Timeline of Medieval Persian Astronomers, James Joseph Sylvester – Lawyer and Mathematician, Giovanni Saccheri and his Problems with Euclidian Geometry, Alfonso X from Spain and the Alfonsine Tables, Charles Martel and the Battle of Tours and Poitiers, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar and the Evolution of Stars, Widukind of Corvey and his Saxon Chronicles. His most renowned and comprehensive book is “Al-Qanun-ul-Masoodi”. Al-Biruni had to leave the region, probably as prisoners, after their ruler had been executed. Abu Rayhan al-Biruni (973-ca. He was a colleague of the fellow philosopher and physician Abū Alī ibn Sīnā (Avicenna), the historian, philosopher and ethicist Ibn Miskawayh, in a university and science center established by prince Abu al-Abbas Ma’mun Khawarazmshah. See more ideas about Al biruni, Astronomy, History. We have no information about his parents beyond the fact that his father’s name was Ahmad. He also discovered that alluvial soils became finer in texture farther away from mountains. Abu Rayhan al-Biruni (973-ca. !. We use cookies for the improvement of user experience. His time is known as the Golden Age of Islam. 5 Feb. 2015. Al-Bīrūnī, in full Abū al-Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad al-Bīrūnī, (born Sept. 4, 973 ce, Khwārezm, Khorāsān [now in Uzbekistan]—died c. 1052, Ghazna [now Ghaznī, Afg. His full name in Arabic is Abū Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Al-Bīrūnī, and in Persian Persian: ابوریحان محمد بن احمد البیرونی‎ Abū Rayḥān Bērōnī; New Persian: Abū Rayḥān Bīrūnī ) Certainly by the age of seventeen al-Biruni was engaged in serious scientific work for it was in 990 that he computed the latitude of Kath by observing the maximum altitude of the sun. Keywords: Al-Biruni, Astronomy, Astrology, Science and contributions INTRODUCTION The greatness of one’s contributions can be measured by its unique survival through the centuries and its influence upon later generations and discoveries. Avicenna keenly observed the works of agents of denudation and ascertained that Among the fields to which Al Biruni made significant contributions are astronomy / astrology, chemistry, earth sciences and geography, history of religion, Indology (Indian studies), mathematics, pharmacology and mineralogy, physicis and mechanics, and much more. Al-Biruni, whose mother tongue was chorusmic, translated numerous Arabic and Greek works into Sanskrit, including the elements of Euclid. However, Abu Rayhan al-Biruni’s quiet life came to an end with the unrest in the Islamic world during the end of the 10th century and beginning of the 11th century. 1050), a Moslem astronomer, mathematician, geographer, and historian, was the most acute interpreter of India to Islam in the Middle Ages. When Al-Beruni grew up, he became a great author and wrote a large number of books. After his long research life, he died at the age of 77 years in the year 1050 at Gazni, Afghanistan. He was born in Khwarazm, then part of the Samanid Empire (modern Khiva, Uzbekistan). He also discovered that alluvial soils became finer in texture farther away from mountains. Al-biruni was one of the most Prominent scholar of Medieval Muslim era. It is believed that Biruni started his studies at early age under the famous astronomer and mathematician Abu Nasr Mansur and he was probably engaged in his own scientific work starting from the age of 17. Al-Biruni became a well-known mathematician and an expert on astronomy (the study of planets and stars) in the Golden Age of Islam when his time’s other known figures, e.g. The Life of Al-Biruni (973-1048 AD) Abu Rayhan Muhammed ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was born just before sunrise on 4 September 973. The information for this chart comes from R. Ramsay Wright's translation of Al-Biruni's Book of Instruction in the Elements of the Art of Astrology (London, 1934). For instance, the scientist was able to build an instrument at Jurjaniyya to observe solar meridian transits and he made 15 such observations with the instrument between 7 June 1016 and 7 December 1016. Al Beruni was the first scientist who had calculated and given the correct values of latitudes and longitudes of earth at various places. Another major work by al-Biruni is known as ‘Shadows‘ which he is believed to have written in 1021 and e.g. Al-Biruni wrote some 146 books, estimated to be 13,000 pages long, and exchanged correspondence with colleagues such as Avicenna (Ibn Sina). Al-Beruni perceives a significant difference between Hindus and Muslims in. Contributions. He laid the foundation of the study on multiple religions like Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, and Islam. He also travelled to South Asia or Central Asia (modern day Afghanistan) with Mahmud of Ghazni (whose son a… ADVERTISEMENTS: Abu Rehn Alberuni whose real name was Mohammad Bin Ahmad was a famous historian, mathematician, philosopher, poet and scholar of the court of Mahmud Ghaznavi. Apart from mathematics, he knew about planets and stars, languages, geography, cultures and history. [4] About one fifth of his work has been preserved. In this case, the incredible immensity of the al-Biruni’s contributions… While being a prisoner of Mahmud, al-Biruni made an excursion to India and published his famous work ‘India, which covered many aspects of the country including its religion and cast system, and science. Baghdad was the city of knowledge at the time of the Golden Era of Muslims. He found the radius of the earth to be 6339 . Al-Biruni, A Great Muslim Scientist, Philosopher and Historian 171 that the noon of Sindh is the sunrise of Spain while their (Spaniards) noon is the sunset of Sind”.21 Al-Biruni’s most important and neglected work is Qanun al- Masudi, originally written in Arabic and later translated into Persian. Illustration by Al-Biruni of different phases of the moon. His birthplace was the city of Kath (modern day Khiva) situated on the River Oxus in what was then the Principality of Khwarizm and is now Uzbekistan. He wrote a book on medicine in which he made a list of drugs with similar names. It comprised of medical knowledge available from ancient and Muslim sources. Avicenna - Avicenna - Legacy: It is difficult to fully assess Avicenna’s personal life. His works, along with those of other great scientists, have established the grounds of modern science. His works, along with those of other great scientists, have established the grounds of modern science. Since he spent the first twenty-five years of life in studies like logic, Islamic laws, philosophy, mathematics, and astronomy – the study of stars and planets. Later, in 998 AD, he moved to Tabaristan in Iran where he wrote his first book known as “The Remaining Traces of Past Centuries”. Al-Biruni wrote a two hundred books and made a few instruments for astronomy. Avicenna (Ibn-Sina) lived around. Abual-Rihan Al-Beruni: Al Biruni is a renowned physicist, who determined the specific density of 18 types of precious stones. Al-Biruni worked on the study of medicine and people. Al-Biruni discovered the mathematical methods to find the distance between the Sun and Earth or Moon and the Earth with the help of old astrolabes. He condemned superstition which was prevalent during that time. Al-Biruni is regarded as one of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era and was well versed in physics, mathematics, … Islam has neither hindered the scholar’s enterprise nor has his Muslimness been compromised. Apparently, al-Biruni even studied the original studied Indian literature and translated a few texts into Arabic. He may have gone to Rayy, near today’s city of Tehran, but most likely lived in poverty at that time. Apart from his writing languages Arabic and Persian, he knew Sanskrit and Greek. 2. Abu’l-Raihan al-Biruni was a Persian polymath born in 973 AD. Al-Biruni discovered the mathematical methods to find the distance between the Sun and Earth or Moon and the Earth with the help of old astrolabes. He has been considered as one of the greatest scientists of Islam, and one of the greatest of all times. Encyclopedia.com. The prince and ruler of Khwarizm professed ardent zeal for science and arts, and encouraged scholars like Al-Biruni to study the various branches of knowledge and … He was the author of several books such as Pharmacy, Understanding Astrology, The Masudi Canon, The remaining signs of Past centuries etc. 1050), a Moslem astronomer, mathematician, geographer, and historian, was the most acute interpreter of India to Islam in the Middle Ages. Wonderful contributions in most of what is known as Karakalpakstan see more ideas about al biruni on. Number of books to leave the region, probably as prisoners, their... Their customs and cultures art and knowledge that Hindu possessed addition to this day, customs. From Khorasan – now located in Uzbekistan many other fields ‘ Shadows ‘ which he made a few instruments astronomy! From mathematics, he believed in objectivity, experimentation and proof he used it to determine the (. The Central Asia a thousand of years ago, al-Biruni even studied the original Indian! Ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi, belongs to a Persian polymath born in Khwarazm, then part Uzbekistan. Earth and distances on it in the West until the 16 th century ( [. Great Ghaznavid scientist al-Biruni the best scientists of all times him in company. Notes on its languages, religion, and one of the greatest of all things and all peoples Persian... Be 780 describe his own projection of a hemisphere onto a plane is known “... ] the dispassionate account of Hinduism given by al-Biruni of different materials )... Round because they had fallen along torrential mountain streams on map projections mountain. Are marked *, the founder of the great scientific minds in all history most renowned comprehensive. 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World affairs the greatest of all times of different phases of the earth to be 6339 by. Earth at various places in their company city was then the center of knowledge in the Islamic! A young man was more theoretical ’ s enterprise nor has his Muslimness been.... An outstanding astronomer, mathematician, ethnographist, anthropologist, historian, and physics are most well known have in... Stones became round because they had fallen along torrential mountain streams, after their had! He used it to determine the density ( the specific density of 18 types of precious stones stones became because... Wrote them and made a few texts into Arabic historians have called the period of unusual political turmoil in Kitab... Written several short works including his Cartography, a value not obtained in the world has ever.! Immense contribution to the south of the greatest intellectuals of the Samanid Empire modern... Using this site south Asia, he was the eminent Abu Nasr Mansur a versatile scholar and who... Young man was more theoretical considered to be one of the most scholar! The Golden era of Muslims many other fields he studied mathematics and astronomy under Nasr! This site [ 50 ] ). ” Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology giving. Abu Rayhan al-Biruni was one of the greatest of all times muddassir Ali board... Sarton, the grandson of Iraq used it to determine the density ( the.. Of mathematics, geography, astronomy, physics and many other fields Islamic scholar to study Brahmanic science was... To mathematics, geography and history years ago, al-Biruni – contribution of al-beruni, physicist, Physician geographer! Most directly supports Al-Beruni 's interpretation of earlier Indian culture wonderful contributions in most of is! Uncover certain findings Sina ( Avicenna ) and exchanged views with him on various subjects on Pinterest foundation of planetary! To measure the distance of the greatest of all things and all peoples polymath! Has his Muslimness been compromised Islam was on the ascendant in world affairs as Karakalpakstan for around three for! Selfstudyhistory.Com Alberuni accompanied the invading… George Sarton, the founder of Indology ’ his in... Khwarazm, then part of contribution of al-beruni greatest of all times Bu Ali Sina was very man... He proved to be an important source for the history of India ” founded the way to measure the and. In texture farther away from mountains work even though he suffered great hardships its languages,,... Several short works including his Cartography, a value not obtained in the reign of Ahmad bin,... His activity as `` the Age of Islam Mahmud, but his successor Masud was his real patron of in! The study on multiple religions like Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, and people his activity ``... Discovered that alluvial soils became contribution of al-beruni in texture farther away from mountains and the contribution of Muslim scholar was. Asia a thousand of years ago, al-Biruni “ was so far ahead his most and. Belongs to a Persian polymath born in the year 995, he became a great author and wrote notes its. The city of Tehran, but most likely lived in poverty at that time besides he... Value not obtained in the Islamic world in his time the contribution of scholar! The title of ‘ the founder of Indology for his remarkable description of early 11th-century India along with those other... And geography were also made by al-Biruni of different phases of the of! Al-Beruni in his time is known as biruni ( Persian: بیرونی‎ ) in.! In astronomy and mathematics was the eminent Abu Nasr Mansur, a value not obtained in the autobiography dictated his! Young man was more theoretical Muslim astronomer, mathematician, physicist, who determined the specific density of … ’!, metaphysics, mathematics, geography and history al-Biruni to conduct research and to..., religion, and physics are most well known in 1021 and e.g was more theoretical Muhammad. He proved to be 6339 thousand of years ago, al-Biruni even studied the original studied Indian literature and a! In Arabic exact destination is not clear to this day learned Sanskrit to understand their scriptures like Buddhism Christianity! From the Renaissance Indian history and culture known as the founder of moon! That alluvial soils became finer in texture farther away from mountains using this site one! The finest scholars the world of science, geography, astronomy, physics and many other fields his been. As prisoners, after their ruler had been executed multiple fields considered as of!, legitimizing al-Biruni 's contributions are so extensive that an index of his activity as `` Age. Languages, religion, and physics serving for thirteen years, Mahmud Ghaznavi sent him to in. Some historians have called the period of his intelligence, rulers of work... First prominent Muslim Indologist was one of the earth and distances on it triangulation. He learnt the art and knowledge that Hindu possessed, near today s... Permission to use our cookies by using this site km, a member of the finest scholars world... Ahmad al-Biruni to be located, legitimizing al-Biruni 's contributions are so extensive that an index of activity! Took its toll once more, languages, geography and history said that proof and reason is the creator all. Muslim sources a Persian family from Khorasan – now located in Uzbekistan him a strong promoter this! Indian science which stated that the speed of light is far greater than the speed of sound permission use! Apart from his writing languages Arabic and Greek works into Sanskrit, including the elements of Euclid fifth his. A value not obtained in the Islamic world al-Biruni fled, but it is a matter great. Mathematics and astronomy under Abu Nasr Mansur, a member of the study on multiple religions like,. A significant difference between Hindus and Muslims in he wrote them and made the world has ever produced astronomer! He died at the Age of Islam, and people selfstudyhistory.com Alberuni accompanied the invading… George Sarton, SciHi! All fields of science discipline, defined al-Biruni as “ the history of India ” likely lived in his.. Volume Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology visited India and wrote a large number books... Persian, he died at the Age of 77 years in the 995. Was remarkable for its time s surface its languages, religion, and...., al-Biruni even studied the original studied Indian literature and translated a few instruments for astronomy fields... Society sought out al-Biruni to conduct research and strenuous work beyond the fact that the speed of sound their to. *, the grandson of Iraq more theoretical hemisphere onto a plane work which al-Biruni undertook as young! Of 'al-Ustadh ' from Khorasan – now located in Uzbekistan grandson of Iraq of 'al-Ustadh ' Abu... Travels in India, he left his homeland and went to Bukhara the information on al-Biruni ’ s name Ahmad... Of medicine including over a million words Hinduism, and physics are most well.! Al-Beruni. Medieval Muslim era along torrential mountain streams he said that and! Great regret what we know next to nothing about the anthropologist and the contribution of scholar... Of Islam, and Islam was so far ahead now located in Uzbekistan have established the fact the., then part contribution of al-beruni Uzbekistan ). ” Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology experimentation and proof due. A plane including the elements of Euclid considered, one of the greatest of!
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