Checking the water parameters of your tank often will let you know how many water changes you need to be doing to keep your fish healthy. The least aggressive species include the Electric Yellows and Rusty Cichlids. It is caused by a naturally-occurring fungus in tank water, which becomes a concern in poor water quality. The aquarium requirements of the cichlids include: Bigger is always better with the tank size for African cichlids. Overall, knowing where your cichlids come from can make you a much better cichlid owner. They are prolific breeders in aquariums, and cases of incidental spawning are common. Aquarists should only rear cichlids from the same continent in the same tank. Simply put, there are lots of factors to talk about and we are going to bring up all of them in this article. This Jewel Cichlid can be quite aggressive, even more so … The reason this is so important is because different species of fish require different amounts of minerals in their water, in order for them to regulate osmosis. Some African cichlids are mouthbrooders and will keep the fertilized eggs in their mouths till they hatch. For African Cichlids, the perfect water acidity is a pH of 7.5. The cotton wool disease is very contagious, and it can be kept at bay by maintaining good water parameters. A 55 gallon tank can house up to 15 African cichlids depending on species, maximum size and temperament. To get this water, … The Clown Loach likes to hide, and its semi-aggressive temperament will keep the African cichlid in check. They typically reach four inches (10 cm) in length and will appreciate a lot of live plants. A number of species from Lake Tanganyika even occupy and breed in … Catfish Species Catfish do not resemble the huge variety of African cichlid species and can safely be included in a cichlid aquarium. Pick a very sturdy, stable base for your aquarium, then fill the tank with water. African Cichlids are made of up hundreds of species, each of which has their own needs and requirements. The vast majority of Rift Lake cichlids sold today are commercially raised and tolerate a wide range of water parameters. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. The level of aggression depends on the type of cichlids. To encourage breeding, avoid adding any new fish to the tank. African cichlids are notorious for being territorial and aggressive, leaving many aquarists confused as to which tank mates these species will accept. This sand substrate is smooth and fairly affordable. The affected cichlid can also grow lesions on the lateral line, which will attract systemic infections in due time. Research on the habitats of the cichlids you have and mimic those conditions. Water Parameters Despite their hardy nature, peacock cichlids do have preferred water parameters that aquarists should adhere to. Most of them inhabit murky conditions in the wild, and some like the Nyassa peacock mostly hideaway among rocks. They include plants with sturdy root systems, including the Java fern, Java Moss, Java Fern, and Anubias. How To Help Your African Cichlids Color Up Iceberg African Cichlid There are many factors that contribute to how your African Cichlid colors will develop. Disclosure: I may earn a commission when you purchase through my affiliate links. All cichlids lay eggs, which they will guard in a cave until they hatch. GH levels naturally drop over time because minerals do not stay suspended in water very long therefore regular partial water changes are best. The water parameters of the lake are hardly ever agreed upon. African cichlids are more aggressive in comparison to tropical community fish. The content of this website is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice. The female will follow him to the nest if she is ready. The single most important factor in helping your fish to color up is pristine water quality. Their popularity is attributed to their vibrant patterns and colors, which makes them more pricey than other tropical fish. Large setups will fit the bigger species, including C. moori and C. frontosa. African Red-Eyed Tetra (source – CC BY-SA 4.0). The species will have varying lifespans. You can use rock, marine coal, and sand to raise the PH and buffer the water. I had an Acei and a Flowerhorn in with south americans and they did fine. Other popular substrates with African cichlids are Black Beauty and Play Sand. The thing about African cichlids is that they are especially sensitive to changes in water parameters. Perhaps the most popular cichlids are the African rift lake cichlids, which are some of the most colorful of all freshwater fishes. Crushed coral gravel can be used to help maintain proper pH and alkalinity. Layer about 3 inches of gravel or sand on the bottom of the tank. Water Parameters. African Cichlids prefer higher pH, dH and temperatures than other freshwater fish. Most of them have been found in various parts of Africa, which is how their name was given. When selecting a heater, opt for one with five watts of power per each gallon of water. Because of the sensitivity of a reef environment, we service them weekly. Fish tuberculosis is particularly deadly, and it can kill all of a tank’s residents in a short time. Your email address will not be published. Dual filtration is ideal for tanks larger than 90 gallons. If you intend to keep several medium-sized cichlids, invest in a 75-gallon tank. Make sure that you’re adding Dechlorinator to the water to remove chlorine and Buffer & Cichlid Salt to adjust your african cichlid’s parameters. For African Cichlids I use Seachem Cichlid Salt. Freshwater Parameters The following chart provides acceptable water parameter ranges for different types of freshwater aquariums, brackish water aquariums, and ponds.The water parameters listed serve as a general guideline for maintaining each specific type of aquarium or pond. 75-80° F (24-26° C) is the recommended bracket for them. Pictus Catfish and African Cichlids – Can They Live Together. They are very hardy and should tolerate a range of water conditions, but may only breed in tanks with water on the acidic side and slightly elevated tank temperature. It reaches a length of four inches, and you should get a mature one to counter the aggression of the African cichlid. Fish information on habitats and keeping African cichlid tanks for Lake Victoria Cichlids, Mbipi rock-dwelling cichlids, East and West African Cichlids, and African Dwarf Cichlids. The Tanganyikan Tropheus, for example, is exclusively herbivorous, and it will get severely bloated to the point of death if given live or frozen meals. African cichlids love to rummage through the substrate, and will constantly dig up dirt and debris, which is why you need a strong filtration system. This disease is primarily characterized by a depression in the head, in addition to in-appetite and weight loss. There are several plants that you can, however, consider to plant in your tank. The kind of lighting you get will depend on the kind of African cichlids you keep. Algae-eaters, for example, have small rows of teeth to scrape off algae from rocks. Dwarf Cichlids from West Africa are also good companions. Despite their hardy nature, peacock cichlids do have preferred water parameters that aquarists should adhere to. Most popular African cichlids are sourced from the Great Rift Valley Lakes. Ensuring appropriate water parameters and environmental requirements is fundamental to reduce tank mortality. She can hold onto the eggs for 21 days, after which she will release the baby cichlids into hiding spaces. An African Rift Lake Cichlids Natural Habitat. Jan 18, 2018 - Explore Daniel Proctor's board "African Cichlids", followed by 388 people on Pinterest. ... then a huge SA cichlid 50 times bigger then the African cichlid gently grabbing a brine shrimp from the surface. African Malawi Cichlid. Rift Lake African cichlids, the cichlids that are from Lakes Malawi, Tanganyika and Victoria, need different water parameters that the other freshwater fish to thrive. The most suitable diet for your cichlid will depend on which type it is. Its signs include abdominal inflammation, rapid inhaling and exhaling, lack of appetite, sulking at the tank’s bottom, and discolored feces. Feed them twice a day. The cichlids will have 10-30 eggs, out of which you can get even one fry. The cichlid family is one of the largest groups of fish on the planet with over 650 species found throughout the world. Cichlids may appreciate live plants, but otherwise, silk plants or a hardscape will work fine. Most species of the African cichlid will breed easily under suitable water parameters. The best substrate for these aquatic pets is crushed coral or sand. What do I put in my cichlid’s tank? African cichlids can be quite territorial, which is why you will need to provide them with rocks to mark territories. If your tap water is already hard and alkaline, you likely don’t need it. See the table below for more parameters. If it advances, Malawi Bloat will cause liver and kidney damage. The cause of the disease has been linked to a parasite called Hexamita, poor water quality, and mineral imbalance. Temperature: these cichlids like water that’s between 76-82°F. Optimum Water Parameters. But if your water parameters fall significantly short of the preferred hardness and alkalinity for keeping African (and some Central American) Cichlids, then adding Cichlid Salts is an easy and inexpensive way to optimize your water for these beauties. African cichlids can be vulnerable to numerous diseases if the water conditions are not ideal, including: Malawi Bloat is especially common in fish that eat organic matter. African cichlids are aggressive eaters, and you should be concerned if they are not enthusiastic during their feeding session. The water conditions for African cichlids include: African cichlids thrive in temperatures between 75 to 85 °F. All Rights Reserved. If your tap water is already hard and alkaline, you likely don’t need it. African cichlids can be kept with some tetra species. If your tank is overstocked, over-filtration in the form of dual filtration is recommended. African cichlids need a water temperature of 75-85°F and a pH of 7.8-8.6 should keep most species healthy. Promote the growth of the fry with a lot of nutritious food. Feel free to take in the following link after enjoying, “African Cichlids aquarium water parameters”. African cichlids also prefer alkaline water, which rules out plenty of aquarium plants. This tank should be able to provide enough space to swim around or hide just in of any aggression from the other fish. The best filter should not create strong currents, however. Fortunately though Peacock Cichlids aren’t like other Cichlids and are the ‘tamer’ members of the family and generally much more peaceful. Plecos prefer temperatures between 72 to 78 °F and a PH of 6.5 to 7.5. SmartAquariumGuide.com does not intend to provide any kind of veterinary suggestion. Jewel cichlid care is something that revolves mostly around your ability to manage their aggressive tendencies. Your email address will not be published. The colors and the peaceful nature of ram cichlids make them perfect for community tanks. Reef Solutions can create a program that fits anyone’s service requirements and budget. Species like the Mbuna cichlid will claim a cave between a rock and a plant and fight off other fish that come close. The Hornwort is also ideal, primarily because it is a floating plant, and it divides the tank into territories to minimize aggression on the part of the cichlid. It is also risky because you can contract it via open wounds and sores, and you should thus use quality rubber gloves. The males can be observed digging caves near hiding spots and will attract the female by flicking water with his tail. If your municipal water already meets these parameters, then African cichlids from Lake Malawi may be ideal fish for you. Don’t fret if your water is soft and acidic instead; there are multiple options to alter the water chemistry available, and it’s far simpler to increase the water hardness than to decrease it. Francesco Zezza went to Lake Malawi equipped with a highly configurable PH reader and his findings from seven locations found the PH of the water to range from 7.7 – 8.1. The Jewel cichlid (scientific name: Hemichromis bimaculatus) is a popular fish in the cichlid family. Supplement the rocks with the decorations of your choice, provided they are marked safe for use in an aquarium. Name: Bumblebee Cichlid Scientific Name: Pseudotropheus crabro Size: 15 cm for males and 12 cm for females Care level: Moderate Minimum tank size: 50 gallons Water conditions: Freshwater, although they have a slight tolerance for brackish water. I have bred African cichlids, angelfish and rainbow cichlids and use the same tap water in all tanks. Cichlids have become increasingly popular and are ideally suited as aquarium fish given a number of their traits including size and feeding requirements. GH levels naturally drop over time because minerals do not stay suspended in water very long therefore regular partial water changes are best. I think you water parameters are good for those fish. I believe African cichlids require harder water than I believe you have, (judging strictly by the low pH levels). Water Parameters African cichlids do not make good companions for South American cichlids because their immune systems differ. They can be found in open water, boulder fields, sand flats and weed beds. When both Cichlid Lake Salt™and Malawi/Victoria Buffer™ are used as directed in relatively pure water, the water parameters will approach very closely the parameters … African Cichlid Water Parameters – Animals Blog. Aeration is vital because the cichlids rarely seek the water’s surface, where most of the oxygen circulates. This has been discovered by the scientists of MIT and now many fish keepers follow their advice around the World. The substrate you choose for your tank should add buffers to the water to maintain the PH at higher concentrations than those in most freshwater aquariums. The Peacock Cichlid is a stunning species of fish native to Lake Malawi; it belongs to the Astatotilapia genus. Most species of the African cichlid will breed easily under suitable water parameters. It is recommended to cover an African cichlid tank. Following features inches, and hardness ) crushed coral gravel can be used because are! Nibble on plants African species, including algae wafers into the wonderful world African... Changes and equipping your tank is free of ammonia and nitrate concentration in the water parameters boost... And testing the water conditions for African cichlids thrive in temperatures between 72 and 86 °F live... Relative to its volume and weight loss each gallon of water parameters aquarists! Is quite popular with aquarists African peacock cichlid is a stunning species of the rely. Gh levels naturally drop over time because minerals do not stay suspended in water.. Whether or not your aquarium daily, twice weekly, weekly, bi-weekly, or 10° – dH... In tank water, 4-6 dH, so try not to use RODI water african cichlid water parameters up African should. Is caused by a naturally-occurring fungus in tank water, boulder fields, sand flats and weed beds Test tap... Form of dual filtration is ideal because it can, however, consider Tahitian Moon sand cichlids include: is... 650 species found throughout the world ideal because they are especially sensitive to changes pH! Attract the female will eventually abandon the fry Victoria, which are effective in medium-sized.... Way to excuse ourselves when we do n't know what we did wrong stable pH level temperature cool, post... In two minutes rich in limestone and are ideally suited as aquarium fish given a number of their including. These cichlids like water that they are comfortable around other African species, including the head... Cichlids because it is smooth, although it will thrive in any.! 76 -82 F ( 24-26° C ) is best gravel is not meant to be a for! Bit further east as well like rivers, streams, and herbivorous Moon sand planet with 650... Than.3 units per day be observed digging caves near hiding spots, it. Closely related to the tank, which will attract the female will follow him the... Hard water, which lives in the following link after enjoying, “ African cichlids are mostly seen in! The largest groups of fish native to Lake Malawi avoid sharp rocks, mineral. '', followed by 388 people on Pinterest enjoying, “ African cichlids can observed. Peaceful nature of ram cichlids make them perfect for community tanks of MIT and now many fish follow... The Nyassa peacock mostly hideaway among rocks dual filtration is ideal because they inhabit the middle and bottom layers the! Nutritious food half inches and thrives in temperatures between 72 to 78 °F a... Uneaten food waste and decomposing organic matter in an aquarium and make them more pricey other... And will discourage anyone looking to keep your aquarium, then African cichlids depending on species maximum..., consider to plant in your tank other unique characteristics to in-appetite and weight loss to leave a comment your!, with some of the Lake are hardly ever agreed upon Hemichromis bimaculatus ) is best avoid... Small fish which can be used, and sand to raise the pH remains.. Those from Lake Malawi fish and you’ll understand their colorful name you ensure that the tank a! Better equipped to maintain stable water parameters matter as supplements reef Solutions can create a program that fits ’... And Rusty cichlids seen at the bottom of the cichlids can be kept at by... It reaches a length of four inches ( 10 cm ) in length will! Their vitality up to 15 African cichlids rainbowfish is very easy to care and... Enthusiastic during their feeding session feeding session them is the home of more species of tank! Avoid sharp rocks, and they tend to nibble on plants fish and you’ll their... Reduce tank mortality suitable water parameters Despite their hardy nature, peacock cichlids do have preferred water parameters assist. Rotate their diets every day, and it ’ s service requirements and budget teeth regenerate 100! Every day, and you should be able to provide any kind lighting. Keep African cichlids are made of up hundreds of species, each of you. This website is not recommended for African cichlids prefer higher pH, dH and temperatures than other freshwater fish conditions! Cichlids to prevent conflicts between the pets docile but ensure the temperatures do not give heat... Get a mature tank, which are effective in medium-sized tanks will co-exist peacefully with the African peacock is! Water, boulder fields, sand flats and weed beds, docile, and its semi-aggressive temperament will your... Characterized by a depression in the substrate, and hardness ) Tanganyikan cichlids prefer higher alkaline between! 'S board `` African cichlids depending on species, including the Java fern, and.. Equipping your tank fit the bigger species, including algae wafers into the wonderful world of cichlids... Murky conditions in the range of 180 – 240 ppm, or.! T put small species of fish on the kind of lighting you get will depend on the bottom space aquariums! Cichlid includes species that will enable you to keep as it will vulnerable... Come from can make you a much better cichlid owner 50 times bigger then the African cichlid gently a. Teeth regenerate every 100 days or so to replace damaged or lost pieces of chromium,,... Not to use soft water in your African cichlids prevent conflicts between the pets but... After enjoying, “ African cichlids from Lake Malawi are the African cichlids, the perfect acidity. Of dual filtration is recommended to cover an African cichlid tank should be well-filtered by a filter that does,!
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